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If taken in excess it produces hallucinations and a staggering gait. If taken over a long term, it causes one to communicate with spirits and lightens one's body. Needham cited the ca.
For those who begin practicing the Tao it is not necessary to go into the mountains. The followers of the Lady Wei and of Hsu are of this kind. Some researchers think Chinese associations of cannabis with "indigenous central Asian shamanistic practices" can explain this "peculiar silence". The use of Cannabis as an hallucinogenic drug by necromancers or magicians is especially notable.
It should be pointed out that in ancient China, as in most early cultures, medicine has its origin in magic. Medicine men were practicing magicians. In northeastern Asia, shamanism was widespread from Neolithic down to recent times. This vocation was very common down to the Han dynasty.
After that it gradually diminished in importance, but the practice persisted in scattered localities and among certain peoples. In the far north, among the nomadic tribes of Mongolia and Siberia, shamanism was widespread and common until rather recent times. What Herodotus called the "hemp-seed" must have been the whole flowering tops of the plant, where the psychoactive resin is produced along with the fruit "seeds".
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Hashish is known as the real Dionysos "wine". The Hadith is the book of sayings of the Prophet Mohammed, which states: "If much intoxicates, then even a little is haram. Liberal Muslims believe that opposition to cannabis on religious grounds in Islamic countries has in essence been based on narrow-minded dogma that seeks to regulate all private pleasure in the name of religion. Certainly some Islamic countries are closely associated with cannabis smoking and cultivation Afghanistan, Lebanon, Indonesia, Egypt and Morocco, for example but its use is often for recreational purposes and largely takes place among the lower classes.
In Turkey, while cannabis use is not tolerated by the police or state, there is a smoking culture and a well-known saying, helal ottur, gunah yoktur "it's a holy weed that carries no sin". The intoxicant use of cannabis may in fact have permeated Islamic culture because alcohol is forbidden to adherents of Islam.
Cannabis use for explicitly spiritual purposes is most common among Sufi believers, who are the most mystical of Islam's adherents. According to one Arab legend, Haydar, the Persian monk who founded the Sufis, came across the cannabis plant in AD in the Persian mountains. Under normal circumstances he was a reserved and quiet man, but when he returned to his monastery after eating some cannabis leaves, his disciples were amazed at how talkative and animated he seemed. They cajoled Haydar into telling them what he had done to make him so full of spirit, and then they went out into the mountains and tried the cannabis for themselves.
The Sufis' religion gives great importance to direct communion between God and man, and it is believed that cannabis is used as a sacrament - an aid to enlightenment. Bob Marley , amongst many others, have quoted Revelation: , " While it is not necessary to use cannabis to be a Rastafari, some feel that they use it regularly as a part of their faith, and pipes of cannabis are always dedicated to His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I before being smoked.
SAGE Reference - Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act
Rubbing the ashes from smoked cannabis is also considered a healthy practice. Other modern religious movements. Like the Rastafari, some modern Christian sects have asserted that cannabis is the Tree of Life. Mean Physical harm. Acute harm. Chronic harm. Intravenous harm. Mean Dependence. Mean Social harm. Social harm. Health-care costs. Street methadone. Anabolic steroids. Alkyl nitrites. During the Indian festival of Holi, people consume bhang which contains cannabis flowers. According to one description, when the amrita elixir of life was produced from the churning of the ocean by the devas and the asuras, Shiva created cannabis from his own body to purify the elixir whence, for cannabis, the epithet angaja or "body-born".
Thus, cannabis is used by sages due to association with elixir and Shiva.
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Wise drinking of bhang, according to religious rites, is believed to cleanse sins, unite one with Shiva and avoid the miseries of hell in the after-life. Residue resin Because of THC's adhesive properties, a sticky residue, most commonly known as "resin", builds up inside utensils used to smoke cannabis. Mechanism of actionMechanism of action The high lipid-solubility of cannabinoids results in their persisting in the body for long periods of time. Price The price or street value of cannabis varies strongly by region and area.
History Bhang was first used as part of the Hindu rite in India around BC and soon became an integral part of Hindu culture. Culture Bhang has become an integral part of tradition and custom in the Indian subcontinent. Spanish Word Histories and Mysteries. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
January DOI : Retrieved Lost Civilisations of the Stone Age.. New York: Free Press. Cannabis: Why We Should Care. World Drug Report United Nations Publication.
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Handb Exp Pharmacol. Psychedelics Encyclopedia.. Prentice Hall. Commonly Abused Drug Chart. February Cannabis and Mental Health: Put into Context.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
National Drug Strategy Monograph Series. Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing. Retrieved 17 October CNS Drugs. Hollister, et al. March United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre. May UK". BBC News. Joy, S. Watson, Jr. Benson, Jr. Washington, D. April Forensic Sci. Lifeline Project. Quantitation of tetrahydrocannabinol in hair using immunoassay and liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric detection.
Drug Test. Validation of an enzyme immunoassay for detection and semiquantification of cannabinoids in oral fluid. Lents July RAND Corporation. Criminal Brief. A year prospective study of young Australians". Psychedelics Encyclopedia. Learning Chinese Characters. People's Daily Online. Little, Brown, et al. The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Substances. Marijuana Grower's Guide.
Red Eye Press. Cannabis and Culture. Campus Verlag. Oxford University Press. Marijuana, America's New Drug Problem. JB Lippincott. Atha Independent Drug Monitoring Unit.
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