- Benign prostatic hyperplasia
- Surgical Options for Treating Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
- What is the prostate?
You can take alpha-blockers such as terazosin Hytrin or tamsulosin Flomax to help relax the prostate and bladder muscles. You can also take dutasteride Avodart or finasteride Proscar , a different kind of medication for reducing BPH symptoms. These block the hormones that cause the prostate to grow. Combinations of these two different types of medications may also be recommended.
Your doctor might also recommend surgery to remove the extra prostate tissue. There are also natural remedies that may work to combat enlarged prostate symptoms. However, the evidence is debatable on whether these treatments actually work. If you do want to try any of these natural remedies, talk to your doctor first.
Some herbal treatments can interact with prescription medications. The U. This means there can be a lack of consistent ingredients. Saw palmetto is an herbal remedy that comes from the fruit of a type of palm tree. Research continues to look into the anti-inflammatory and hormone-blocking properties that saw palmetto may have and its possible use in combination with other medications. Saw palmetto is safe to use, but minor side effects can be upset stomach and headache. This herbal medication is a mixture taken from different plants that contain cholesterol-like substances called sitosterols or phytosterols plant-based fats.
Several studies have suggested that beta-sitosterol can relieve urinary symptoms of BPH, including the strength of urine flow. Pygeum comes from the bark of the African plum tree and has been used in traditional medicine to treat urinary problems since ancient times. According to the Canadian Journal of Urology , some small studies have suggested the supplement can help with bladder emptying and urine flow. However, the studies reviewed were inconsistent.
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Pygeum does appear safe to use, but it can cause upset stomach and headache in some people who take it. There are no studies on long-term safety.choisirhebergeur.com/5614-how-to-smartphone.php
Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Rye grass pollen extract is made from three types of grass pollen: rye, timothy, and corn. A review of herbal studies published in BJU International found that in one study, men who were taking rye grass pollen extract reported an improvement in their nighttime symptoms of getting up to urinate, compared to those who were taking a placebo. However, this study lasted only six months. But stinging nettle may have some benefits when used as a medicine.
Nettle root is thought to improve some BPH symptoms, and is commonly used in Europe. However, a review concluded that more studies were needed. Sometimes nettle is used in combination with other natural BPH treatments, such as pygeum or saw palmetto. Side effects from nettle are usually mild, including upset stomach and skin rash. A recent four-year study in China looked at the effects of diet on BPH symptoms. Researchers found that men with diets high in fruits and vegetables — especially leafy, dark vegetables and tomatoes — had less BPH, less symptoms of BPH, and were less likely to have worsening of their BPH.
You cannot prevent BPH or the urination problems it may cause.
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Some people believe that regular ejaculations will help prevent prostate enlargement. But there is no scientific proof that ejaculation helps.
Learning about benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH :. Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH is probably a normal part of the aging process in men. It is caused by changes in hormone balance and cell-growth factors. Genetics may also play a role. This is especially true for severe BPH requiring surgery in men younger than Men who are older than 50 have a higher chance of developing BPH.
But why some men have more severe symptoms than others is not known. Many men with benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH have no symptoms. When symptoms known as lower urinary tract symptoms, or LUTS occur, they may range from mild and barely noticeable to serious and disruptive.
The amount of prostate enlargement is not always related to the severity of the symptoms. Some men with only slight enlargement have serious symptoms. And some men with a great deal of enlargement have few symptoms. Your symptoms may become worse during cold weather or as a result of physical or emotional stress. Some medicines can make your symptoms worse. These include over-the-counter cold medicines such as diphenhydramine Benadryl, for example , pseudoephedrine such as Sudafed , oxymetazoline spray such as Dristan , and prescription medicines such as antidepressants, water pills diuretics , testosterone gels, implants, or injections , and pain medicines opioids.
The symptoms of BPH may involve problems emptying the bladder or problems with bladder storage. Symptoms related to bladder emptying include:. These symptoms are not always related to prostate enlargement and can be caused by other conditions. BPH symptoms are often balanced between the two types of symptoms. If symptoms come on rapidly, or if you have more of one type of symptom than the other type, you may have another condition.
Other conditions that may cause similar symptoms include urinary tract infections, prostatitis , prostate cancer, diabetes, heart failure , and neurologic diseases. The prostate gland grows as men age, with the fastest growth occurring at middle age. By age 50, 5 out of 10 men have an enlarged prostate. By age 80, up to 9 out of 10 men have an enlarged prostate. Having an enlarged prostate does not always cause symptoms. As the prostate enlarges, the urethra the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body may become narrowed or partially blocked.
The narrowed or blocked urethra is what causes the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH.
Surgical Options for Treating Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
By age 55, over 2 out of 10 men have some symptoms. By age 75, 5 out of 10 men complain of a decrease in the force of their urine streams. In rare cases, severe obstruction of the urine flow occurs and may lead to complications , including complete or partial blockage of the urethra, urinary tract infection UTI , bladder stones , or visible blood in the urine. Every man's experience with BPH is different. Symptoms may be stable, may come and go, or may become more bothersome over time.
Some men find the symptoms to be mild and do not require treatment with medicines. Other men find the symptoms bothersome and choose treatment with medicine or, less commonly, surgery. BPH does not cause prostate cancer. But prostate cancer may cause symptoms similar to those of BPH.
What is the prostate?
It is important to have your symptoms checked by a doctor to be certain they are not caused by prostate cancer. Men who are older than 50 have a higher risk for benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH. The hormone testosterone , which is produced mainly by the testicles, is needed in order for BPH to develop.